Dogs were the first domesticated animals. Some scientists’ think they were tamed as long as 12,000 years ago. Since then, humans have selectively bred dogs to produce literally hundreds of different breeds.
Number Ten: Catalburun, Also called the Turkish Pointer. This dog is famous for its split nose. The split nose is believed to give this dog better hunting ability than regular a nose. These dogs are generally unknown outside of their homeland of Anatolia.
Number Nine: Mudi, Also called the Hungarian Herder. This is midsized dog renowned in Hungary for its agility and superior herding abilities. There is a Mudi club in North American but this breed is still very rare outside of Hungary.
Number Eight: The Thai Ridgeback. The Thia Ridgeback has a ridge of hair that grows against the grain like the more famous Rhodesian Ridgeback. Brought to America in 1994, in its native Thailand, this dog is used to guard homes and livestock.
Number Seven: The Norwegian Lundehund: This companion to the Vikings is a skilled and agile hunter. Unfortunately, in breeding has led to serious stomach and bowel issues for this dog which often shortens their lives.
Number Six: The Carolina Dog also called the American Dingo. This breed is related to the Australian Dingo and other primitive breeds. Used as hunters and guard dogs primarily in the American South East.
Number Five: Tibetan Mastiff. These huge dogs, the males can weigh as much as 170 pounds, were bred in the Himalayans has guard dogs for homes, temples and herds. They have recently been bred for better temperament.
Number Four: The Azawakh is very rare in America, with less than two hundred known to live there. Bred to hunt fast prey, like gazelles, by sight and with speed, Azawakh are highly prized in their native Africa.
Number Three: The Otterhound. This breed can be traced back to Europe in the 12 Century when hunting otters was a pastime for the nobility. When otter hunging was banned these dogs became house pets. Currently there are about 300 Otterhounds in North America.
Number Two: Stabyhoun. Used as a pointer, retriever and gun dog in its native Holland. Only about 100 exist in the US today.
Number One: The Chinook Dog, is the descent of a single sled dog, in 1981 this breed was down to 11 breeding dogs. Since then a few dedicated breeders have brought this breed back from the brink.